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Civil War Preservation Trust Organization Name provided in the GuideStar Exchange* as of 12/18/2014: Civil War Preservation Trust

Organization Name as listed in the IRS Business Master File as of 12/08/2014: CIVIL WAR PRESERVATION TR

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AKA  Civil War Trust
Washington, DC
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GuideStar Summary

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&1002; Registered with IRS Legitimacy information is available
&1002; Financial Data Annual Revenue and Expense data reported
&1002; Forms 990 2013, 2012, and 2011 Forms 990 filed with the IRS
&1002; Mission Objectives Mission Statement is available
&1002; Impact Summary Impact Summary from the nonprofit and Charting Impact Report are available
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Basic Organization Information

Civil War Preservation Trust Organization Name provided in the GuideStar Exchange* as of 12/18/2014: Civil War Preservation Trust

Organization Name as listed in the IRS Business Master File as of 12/08/2014: CIVIL WAR PRESERVATION TR

* The GuideStar Exchange allows nonprofits to regularly update key information directly to GuideStar. It provides richer and broader information about their programs, impact, finances, people and more.
Also Known As: Civil War Trust
Physical Address: Washington, DC 20005 1717
EIN: 54-1426643
Web URL: www.civilwar.org 
NTEE Category: A Arts, Culture, and Humanities
A80 Historical Societies and Related Activities
B Educational Institutions
B99 Education N.E.C.
C Environmental Quality Protection, Beautification
C34 Land Resources Conservation
Ruling Year: 1988 


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Mission Statement

The mission of the Civil War Trust is the preservation of America's significant Civil War battlefields so that current and future generations can visit these hallowed, open spaces to learn about this defining time in our nation's history. Our mission is accomplished through land acquisition that permanently protects these acres—either by outright purchases or placement of conservation easements—and by promoting educational programs and heritage tourism that informs the public and creates personal connections to the past. We are dedicated to interpreting the war and its major battles, using extensive technological resources and innovative methods, including a state-of-the-art website and smartphone battle apps. Part of our mission revolves around educating young people about the war. This is achieved through outreach efforts to teachers, involving national and regional Teacher Institutes, a Civil War Curriculum available for free to teachers at the elementary, middle and high school levels, and a Traveling Trunk program. As America's largest non-profit organization focused on these endangered battlefields, the Trust is active at the nation level but nowhere more so than in Virginia, where 123 principal battles took place. Our goals center on building effective partnerships between federal, state and local entities as well as reaching out to our 55,000 members who are committed to creating this important legacy. The Trust's mission during the sesquicentennial commemoration of the Civil War (2011-2015) has intensified as the window on battlefield preservation will inevitably close.

Legitimacy Information

This organization is registered with the IRS.

This organization is required to file an IRS Form 990 or 990-EZ.

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Annual Revenue & Expenses

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Fiscal Year Starting: January 01, 2014
Fiscal Year Ending: December 31, 2014

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Total Expenses --

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Balance Sheet (IRS Form 990)

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Forms 990 Received from the IRS Additional Information
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Forms 990 Provided by the Nonprofit

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Leadership

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Mr. O. James Lighthizer

Term:

Since Dec 1999

Profile:

President of The Trust since 1999, Jim is a native of Ohio and has lived in Maryland all his adult life. Early in his career he was employed by IBM Corporation, but after graduation from Georgetown University Law Center, he practiced law in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. In 1978, he was elected to the Maryland legislature and in 1982 and 1986 to Anne Arundel County Executive. In 1991, he was appointed by Governor William Donald Schaefer to be the Secretary of the Maryland Department of Transportation, where he pioneered the use if ISTEA funds for battlefield preservation. Jim left government service in 1995 and re-entered the practice of law, as a partner with Miles and Stockbridge, a major Baltimore law firm. In 1999 Jim Lighthizer became President of the Civil War Trust, and has overseen the organization as it has saved thousands of acres of Civil War battlefield land.

Leadership Statement:

The Civil War Trust continues to build on our reputation as the premiere heritage land preservation organization in the country. There is no other entity — including the federal government in the form of the National Park Service — that is saving more hallowed ground than the Trust. What was even more remarkable is that we accomplished much success in the worst economy in living memory. While other similarly situated organizations are scaling back and laying off staff, we took a reasonable and responsible course of action to re-evaluate every expense, every expenditure and every project in light of the economy. This allowed us to press onward with our mission and achieve a level of success that surpassed all expectations. As we rapidly approach the war's sesquicentennial, we are committed to remaining the organization that is an effective and efficient steward of your donation dollar, consistently scoring well on all the national charitable rating services. As I look toward the future, I remain optimistic. We have a talented staff and the support of a strong, generous and involved Board. We have an enthusiastic and active membership that, along with our Board, help the organization continue to mature and progress. We continue to embrace new advances in technology to connect with donors and students of history. Finally, we have committed significant resources into continuing to cultivate the active participation of federal, state and local governments in the battlefield preservation process. With all of these essentials in place, I am confident that the Trust will remain the premier heritage land preservation organization in America for many years to come. James Lighthizer, President

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Board Orientation & Education ?
Why does this matter? Without clarity around their responsibilities and expectations, board members are not positioned to succeed. They may find themselves challenged to fulfill their governance responsibilities or frustrated by the expectations that the organization has set for them. BoardSource recommends that every new board member participate in a formal orientation process, and that all board members sign a pledge or agreement committing to their board service and to all of the responsibilities and expectations that come with service. Ideally, board members also should participate in a formal governance training program prior to serving on a board.

Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations?
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CEO Oversight ?
Why does this matter? Oversight and management of the chief executive is one of the board’s most important legal responsibilities. The CEO or executive director is the board's single employee, and - just like any other employer/employee relationship - regular and written assessment is critical to ensuring that the chief executive and board are communicating openly about goals and performance. BoardSource recommends that boards conduct formal, written reviews of their chief executives on an annual basis, which should include an in-person discussion with the chief executive and distribution of the written evaluation to the full board.

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Response Not Provided
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Why does this matter? A commitment to handling conflicts of interests is essential to creating an organizational culture of transparency. Boards should create and follow a policy for identifying and handling conflicts of interest, whether real or perceived. BoardSource recommends that organizations review the conflict-of-interest statement and require signed disclosures from all board members and senior staff on an annual basis.

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Board Composition ?
Why does this matter? The best boards are composed of individuals who bring a variety of skills, perspectives, backgrounds, and resources to tackle the complex and strategic challenges confronting their organizations. BoardSource recommends that boards commit to diversity and inclusion by establishing written policies and practices, which include strategic and intentional recruitment of diverse board members, continual commitment to inclusivity, and equal access to board leadership opportunities.

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Response Not Provided
Board Performance ?
Why does this matter? Boards need to regularly assess their own performance. Doing so ensures that they are being intentional about how they govern their organization, which is a critical component of effective board leadership. BoardSource recommends that a board conduct a self-assessment of its performance a minimum of once every three years to ensure that it is staying on track with its roles and responsibilities.

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Officers for Fiscal Year (IRS Form 990)

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Programs

Program: Land Preservation (GuideStar Exchange,
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December 2014)

Budget:
$7,585,558
Category:
Environment, General/Other
Population Served:

Program Description:

The Civil War Trust's main program is land preservation: our mission is to save endangered Civil War Battlefields from development by buying the land and protecting it through easements. Much of the land that the Civil War was fought on is endangered due to development pressures. We only purchase land at fair market value from landowners who are willing sellers; by purchasing the land outright we can ensure that it is preserved and will never be developed. We have already saved over 36,000 acres of battlefield land, and we aim to save many more acres before it is too late. We have launched a Capital Campaign to coincide with the 150th Anniversary of the Civil War with a goal of saving an additional 20,000 acres over the Sesquicentennial. In 2012 the Civil War Trust made great strides in saving this land by preserving 3,735 acres at twenty five battlefields in twelve states. These tracts of land are part of great battlefields such as Chancellorsville, Franklin, Petersburg, and Shiloh.

Program Long-Term Success:

Our long-term goals are to continue to preserve thousand of acres of Civil war battlefield land. Over the 150th Anniversary of the Civil War, we aim to save 20,000 acres of hallowed ground.

Program Short-Term Success:

Each year during the 150th Anniversary of the Civil War, we aim to save 4,000 acres of significant land. Some tracts may be small in acreage, yet very significant in the war.

Program Success Monitored by:

We can easily determine how many acres we have saved because we are actually buying the land. Our results are tangible- we can go and walk the actual land that we save, and know that it will be safe from development pressures.

Program Success Examples:

We have saved over 36,000 acres of Civil War battlefield land, and we are well on our way to saving thousands of acres more. This land has either been incorporated into a National or State Military park, or we own the land and have creating walking trails and interpretive signage.

Program: Education (GuideStar Exchange,
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December 2014)

Budget:
$1,218,862
Category:
Education, General/Other
Population Served:
Adults
Children and Youth (0 - 19 years)

Program Description:

In addition to saving hallowed ground, we also believe that there is a great need to educate the public about the importance of the Civil War. We are dedicated to interpreting the War and its significant battles, and do so for teachers, students, and the public through technological resources and innovative methods such as our state-of-the-art website and Battle Apps. The Civil War Trust is the premier organization working to educate the public about the Civil War and its battlefields. Major recent advances in the Trust's education programs include the release of the Civil War Curriculum, the expansion of the Teacher Institute series, and continuing work on interpretation and content for the Trust's new Battle Apps for smart phones. The Trust focuses its educational efforts on five major areas: battlefield interpretation, in classrooms, on the web, at events, and in print.

Program Long-Term Success:

We hope to continue to reach hundreds of thousands of individuals from across the country with our education programs. Our Civil War curriculum, Battle Apps for Smart Phones, Traveling Trunk program, and Teachers Institutes will continue to help teach many people about the importance of the Civil War.

Program Short-Term Success:

The Civil War Trust education department has had a number of recent successes in the past year, and we look forward to continuing those successes while expanding our program to reach more students. We are creating new and exciting ways to engage both students and adults to teach them about the Civil War. We have expanded our Traveling Trunk program to four trunks, we are continuing to produce more Battle Apps, and we are working on some new educational opportunities that use new technology.

Program Success Monitored by:

We have a variety of ways to measure success in our education department. For example, we can count how many teachers register for our institutes, and how many students on average they will teach over the course of their career. We can also look at how many classrooms the Traveling Trunk travels to, and how many students are in those classrooms. We can also count how many downloads we have had for our Battle Apps.

Program Success Examples:

In 2011, the Civil War Trust Education Department hosted its 10th annual Teacher Institute. More than 140 teachers from across the country participated in this 3-day professional development experience, offered free of charge. The department also held smaller regional Teacher Institutes to reach those teachers who may be in areas that are not near Civil War battlefields. The Education Department created a new Civil War curriculum for Elementary, Middle, and High School students, and made it available to teachers free of charge on our website. Our Traveling Trunk program made available three trunks of Civil War teaching tools and activities that traveled the country throughout the School Year. In 2011 we launched a number of new Battle Apps for smart phones- these are like a personal tour guide for those who download the App for free.

Program: Membership (GuideStar Exchange,
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December 2014)

Budget:
$2,689,045
Category:
Mutual, Membership Benefit, General/Other
Population Served:
Adults
Other Named Groups

Program Description:

The Civil War Trust is a membership-based organization. Each quarter, every member receives our 48-page magazine Hallowed Ground, as a free educational membership benefit. The magazine highlights how their direct support helps preserve endangered Civil War battlefield land, advances the cause of education about the key period in our nation's history, and educates them directly on historical elements of importance about the Civil War and land preservation. We depend on our members to raise the money we need to preserve the battlefield land.

Program Long-Term Success:

Our goal is to maintain the number of members we currently have, with the hope that this number will increase with time. Because we rely on our members to donate funds needed to preserve Civil War Battlefield land, it is essential that we have a large pool of members to assist us with this.

Program Short-Term Success:

During the course of the past few years, while many non-profit organizations continued to experience declining membership, the Civil War Trust was able to recruit enough new members and reactivate lapsed members to maintain approximately 53,000 active members.

Program Success Monitored by:

We count the number of members based on how many individuals, couples, and groups have paid the membership fee for the year.

Program Success Examples:

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Impact Summary from the Nonprofit Additional Information
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To date, the Civil War Trust has saved over 36,000 acres of battlefield land in 20 states. In 2012, each dollar we were able to raise from our members we were able to leverage by a factor of 4.5 to 1, meaning that we succeeded in multiplying every donor dollar by $4.5 additional dollars of grant funds—making us very effective. Charity Navigator awarded the Trust with its highest 4-star rating for the fourth year in a row. The Trust has created 13 cutting edge smartphone battlefield apps (iPhone and Android) including Bull Run, Cedar Creek, Chancellorsville, Fredericksburg and Malvern Hill, and Gettysburg. These custom battlefield touring apps, with integrated maps and always-on GPS, ensure that visitors know exactly where they are on the battlefield. Over 70,000 downloads took place in 2012. The Trust's web platform continues to grow, with 2.4 million unique visitors in 2012. The most popular sections of this content-rich site are our iconic battle maps and detailed battlefield pages. Combined with our quarterly award-winning magazine, Hallowed Ground, and our Facebook presence, the Trust's ability to communicate the importance of preservation efforts is far reaching. In 2012 three Teacher Institutes were held where teachers received training on the nine lesson plans in our new Civil War Curriculum. Approximately 25,000 students are reached each year as a result of these institutes. The ability of the Trust to successfully undertake its mission is due in part to our dedicated members.
For more in-depth information about this organization's impact, view their Charting Impact Report.
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