International, Foreign Affairs, and National Security

Gender Action

  • Washington, DC
  • www.genderaction.org

Mission Statement

Gender Action's mission is to promote women's rights and gender equality and ensure women and men equally participate in and benefit from International Financial Institution (IFI) investments in developing countries.

Main Programs

  1. Care Economy
  2. Gender and Climate Change
  3. Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS
  4. Gender, IFIs and Food Insecurity
  5. Gender, IFIs and Gender-Based Violence

service areas

International

Self-reported by organization

ruling year

2002

chief executive for fy 2002

Elaine Zuckerman

Self-reported by organization

Keywords

Gender Action,gender,gender development,gender multilaterals,gender international financial institutions,gender World Bank,gender PRSPs,gender structural adjustment,gender advocacy

Self-reported by organization

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EIN

26-0001404

Contact

Cause Area (NTEE Code)

Alliance/Advocacy Organizations (Q01)

International Human Rights (Q70)

Women's Rights (R24)

IRS Filing Requirement

This organization is required to file an IRS Form 990-N.

Programs + Results

How does this organization make a difference?

Programs

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

Self-reported by organization

Program 1

Care Economy

Around the world, women assume a greater responsibility for unpaid care work than men. This work, which includes caring for children, sick, and the elderly, collecting fuel and water, cooking meals, harvesting food, and maintaining shelter is essential for daily life. Despite its importance, care work is not counted in the most common economic indicators, like Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which IFIs use to measure a country's economy. Extensive unpaid care work results in persistent gaps in women's income, health, education, and basic welfare. Gender Action is a founding member of the Caring Economy Campaign(http://www.caringeconomy.org/)  (CEC), which seeks to elevate care work and promote alternatives to GDP that capture not only economic growth but the mostly unmonetized unpaid home economy as well.

Category

Civil Rights, Social Action & Advocacy

Budget

Population Served

Program 2

Gender and Climate Change

As the IFIs step up investments in environmentally-controversial infrastructure projects, such as fossil-fuel generating extractive industries, and manage increasingly larger climate investment funds, Gender Action is addressing their gender impacts. Gender disparities in decision making, property rights, access to information, and unequal divisions of labor mean women bear the brunt of IFI financed climate change impacts. Droughts, floods and natural disasters leave women more vulnerable to livelihood loss, disease, violence and even death.

Category

Civil Rights, Social Action & Advocacy

Budget

Population Served

Program 3

Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS

In many developing countries, IFI investments do not address gender roles, creating projects and programs that can bypass and/or disadvantage women, reinforce women's poverty, and undermine poor women's and men's access to sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR) and HIV/AIDS services. IFIs like the World Bank emphasize their commitment to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), including those related to reducing maternal mortality, enhancing access to sexual and reproductive health care, and combating HIV/AIDS. It is widely understood that gender inequality undermines women's SRHR and fuels the spread of HIV. However, IFIs spend a tiny fraction of their multi-billion dollar budgets on population and sexual and reproductive health and HIV, according to Gender Action research. Through rigorous research and targeted campaigns, Gender Action advocates for increased IFI spending on SRHR and HIV/AIDS worldwide. In order for these investments to be truly effective, Gender Action also pressures IFIs to ensure a gender-sensitive focus in their investments and remove loan conditions which impede progress towards ensuring women's access to SRHR, HIV/AIDS care and protection from sexually transmitted infections. Gender Action also advocates for IFI grants only to end low-income countries' debt burden, which limits spending on health and other basic needs. Gender Action's qualitative and quantitative research on IFI investments and gender impacts provides the basis for developing resources and tools for civil society advocates on SRHR and HIV/AIDS. We advocate with other civil society partners for more money better spent by IFIs on SRHR and HIV/AIDS.

Category

Civil Rights, Social Action & Advocacy

Budget

Population Served

Program 4

Gender, IFIs and Food Insecurity

Gender Action launched our new project on gender and food insecurity during the annual World Bank/International Monetary Fund Spring meetings in April of 2011, highlighting how IFI investments in agriculture, nutrition and rural development often exacerbate food insecurity in developing countries, and how women and girls disproportionately suffer harmful impacts.

Category

Civil Rights, Social Action & Advocacy

Budget

Population Served

Program 5

Gender, IFIs and Gender-Based Violence

One in three girls around the world will be sexually assaulted in her lifetime. Many will be assaulted more than once. Gender-based violence (GBV) affects women and men, boys and girls around the world. Yet, International Financial Institutions (IFIs) hardly address GBV as a human rights issue or GBV against men and boys.
Although GBV is often considered to be the same as violence against women, GBV encompasses sexual violence against both men and women, boys and girls, and includes a broad range of human rights violations, including rape, domestic violence, human trafficking and forced pregnancy. Over the past decade, GBV has become an increasingly visible weapon of war and conflict.
Sometimes IFI rhetoric and research condemn GBV. However, there is a disconnect with IFI investments that mostly ignore GBV. Gender Action pressures the IFIs address GBV in their investments. Our initiatives include case studies and campaigns to end IFI exacerbation of GBV.
For example, our Boom Time Blues(http://www.genderaction.org/images/boomtimeblues.pdf)  project revealed that the large uptick in the number of incidents of violence against women from the infusion of foreign workers was ignored by the World Bank and European Reconstruction Development Bank funded pipeline project. Boom Time Blues examined impacts of the Baku-Tblisi-Ceyhan Export Oil Pipeline (BTC pipeline) in Azerbaijan and Georgia, and the Sakhalin II oil and gas project on Sakhalin Island off the northern Russian coast.

Category

Civil Rights, Social Action & Advocacy

Budget

Population Served

service areas

International

Self-reported by organization

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Financials

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GENDER ACTION
Fiscal year: Jan 01-Dec 31
Yes, financials were audited by an independent accountant.

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Operations

The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

Gender Action

Leadership

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CHIEF EXECUTIVE FOR FISCAL YEAR

Elaine Zuckerman

BIO

GA represents Elaine Zuckerman's life, work and passion to ensure social justice, human security and equal opportunities for women. Joining the World Bank as a China economist upon hearing that China was becoming a borrowing member, Elaine witnessed the unfolding of structural adjustment, and in 1987 created the Bank's first program to mitigate SALs' harmful impacts on the poor, especially on women. Working in the World Bank's gender unit, she had an opportunity to analyze Bank investments around the world across sectors and was struck by the paucity of Bank operations that try to empower women despite Bank rhetoric and studies expressing the urgency to do so in order to reduce poverty. In the 1990s at the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB), Elaine was Coordinator of the IADB's Social Agenda Policy Group; and designed a strategy for the Amazon prohibiting future investments in roads and ranching that damaged indigenous groups and the environment, and promoted health, water, education and renewable resources. Elaine realized that citizen groups, which began proliferating worldwide during the 1980s, were designing the most dynamic, responsive solutions to development problems; inspired, she launched GA to hold the IFIs accountable on their promises to empower women and leverage the IFIs' power to redress the unacceptable feminization of poverty. She has worked in Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Southeastern Europe on gender, poverty and PSRs, macroeconomic policies, post-conflict reforms, education and health financing, rural development and the environment.

STATEMENT FROM THE CEO

"Gender Action is the only organization dedicated to promoting gender justice and women’s rights in International Financial Institution (IFI) investments - such as those of the World Bank and International Monetary Fund - the largest public source of development financing. Although IFIs pay lip service to the need for gender equality, our research demonstrates that their investments all too often ignore, and even exacerbate, the plight of poor women and their families. As IFI lending to low-income countries grows - driven by the global financial, climate change and food crises - Gender Action fights to ensure that the IFIs follow through on their largely unmet gender equality promises."

Governance

BOARD CHAIR

Joel Lawson

Lawson Communications; Former Advisor to AmFAR; Former Director - Planned Parenthood

BOARD LEADERSHIP PRACTICES

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BOARD ORIENTATION & EDUCATION

Does the board conduct a formal orientation for new board members and require all board members to sign a written agreement regarding their roles, responsibilities, and expectations?


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CEO OVERSIGHT

Has the board conducted a formal, written assessment of the chief executive within the past year?


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ETHICS & TRANSPARENCY

Have the board and senior staff reviewed the conflict-of-interest policy and completed and signed disclosure statements in the past year?


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BOARD COMPOSITION

Does the board ensure an inclusive board member recruitment process that results in diversity of thought and leadership?


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BOARD PERFORMANCE

Has the board conducted a formal, written self-assessment of its performance within the past three years?