Environmental Quality Protection, Beautification

Mangrove Action Project

  • Seattle, WA
  • www.mangroveactionproject.org

Mission Statement

Partnering with mangrove forest communities, grassroots NGOs, researchers and local governments to conserve and restore mangrove forests and related coastal ecosystems, while promoting community-based, sustainable management of coastal resources.

Main Programs

  1. Building a Global Mangrove Network from the Mangrove Roots Upwards
  2. Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) Projects
  3. Marvellous Mangroves Curriculum
  4. Question Your Shrimp Campaign

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Service Areas



MAP has a global network with offices in the US and Thailand, and program areas/partnerships in Bangladesh, Brazil, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Islands, China, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal and Sri Lanka.

ruling year


Co-Executive director


Mr. Alfredo Quarto

Co-Executive director


Mrs. Sara Lavenhar



mangroves,environment education,mangrove restoration, coastal community resource center, mangrove tie-dye handicraft, seagrass monitoring,marine protected areas, climate change,wetlands, community based tourism,coastal community-based management, mangrove restoration,fisheries, community development, sustainable livelihoods, shrimp aquaculture, endangered species,

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Also Known As






Physical Address

606 Maynard Ave S Ste 102

Seattle, WA 98104 0279


Cause Area (NTEE Code)

Alliance/Advocacy Organizations (C01)

Water Resource, Wetlands Conservation and Management (C32)

Natural Resource Conservation and Protection (C30)

IRS Filing Requirement

This organization is required to file an IRS Form 990 or 990-EZ.

Programs + Results

How does this organization make a difference?


Self-reported by organization

MAP’s international coalition network brings together
an international scientific and activist response to the destruction of

MAP’s strategically
located Asia offices successfully provide important training workshops in
Southeast and South Asia, utilizing our innovative, In the Hands of the
Fishers (IHOF), program to organize training workshops in Ecological
Mangrove Restoration techniques and sustainable community development
options. Workshops were held in Cambodia, Thailand and El Salvador

The Question Your
Shrimp consumer awareness campaign is a multi-faceted outreach project
that uses a variety of strategies to help the general public learn about
the true impacts of industrial shrimp farming on mangrove ecosystems
throughout the world and provides ways in which the public can take
actions to support local fisheries while taking a stand against industrial
shrimp farming.

MAP’s Mangrove
Curriculum for primary school children was further developed as part of
the official school science curriculum in Brazil and China.  This was a major step forward for
training teachers in the most effective use of MAPs education program to
help ensure that future generations grow up with a deeper appreciation for
the value of their mangroves.

MAP’s Annual
Children’s Mangrove Art Calendar Contest bridges art, education, and
cross-cultural efforts to highlight the importance of mangroves in
shoreline communities.  The program,
as well as the resultant calendar, is designed to reach both school-aged
children and the greater consuming public in the U.S. and in many other countries.

MAP’s network now
spans over 60 nations, 500 NGOs and 350 scientists, as well as thousands
of concerned individuals. MAP not only oversees mangrove conservation
work, but also helps disseminate latest news and views about mangroves in
relation to climate change, fisheries decline, and ecological and human
rights issues around the world.


Self-reported by organization

What are the organization's current programs, how do they measure success, and who do the programs serve?

Program 1

Building a Global Mangrove Network from the Mangrove Roots Upwards

Witnessing firsthand the rapid devastation of the world's mangrove forest wetlands and their associated coastal ecosystems, the founders of the Mangrove Action Project (MAP) decided in 1992 that it was time to form a global network to save the mangroves. MAP has grown steadily during the last 24 years to become a respected member of the global environmental movement. MAP's international network has grown to include over 450 NGOs and 300 scientists and academics from 60 nations. In recent years, MAP has transformed from a network- and advocacy-focused organization into one still involved in advocacy, but with programs and activities on the ground, supported through a local office in Thailand.

MAP's pro-active five-pronged approach to long-term mangrove conservation involves: education, advocacy, collaboration, conservation and restoration, and sustainable community-based development.


Civil Rights, Social Action & Advocacy

Population(s) Served

General Public/Unspecified



Program 2

Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) Projects

Working alongside mangrove ecologists, local NGOs, and communities, MAP promotes the Community-Based 'Ecological – hydrological’ Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) methodology, an economical and efficient way to mangrove restoration that follows basic natural processes. This well-considered model directly engages local community participation, and has proven extremely successful. Reaching far beyond mere hand planting of one species, as is sadly typical of mangrove restoration projects, CBEMR greatly increases the effective restoration of biodiversity to ecosystem-wide degraded mangrove forests. Natural restoration and/or manual planting of mangroves utilizing the EMR model is an important tool for international relief organizations to implement in order to restore mangroves in a cost effective manner to counter increased storm surges and rising seas

The Basic Principles of Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration:
1. A proper involvement of community members and any other relevant agencies should be ensured during the whole process
2. Understand the autecology (individual species ecology) of the mangrove species at the site; in particular, the patterns of reproduction, propagule distribution, and successful seedling establishment
3. Understand the normal hydrological patterns that control the distribution and successful establishment of growth of targeted mangroves species
4. Assess disturbances and modifications of the original mangrove environment that currently prevent natural secondary succession (recovery after damage)
5. Design the restoration program to restore appropriate hydrology and, if possible, utilize natural volunteer mangroves propagule recruitment for plant establishment
6. Implement the restoration plan using the natural nearby mangroves as a reference model
7. Only utilize the actual planting of propagules, collected seeds, or cultivated seedlings after determining (through steps 1-5) that natural recruitment will not provide the quantity of successfully established seedlings, rate of stabilization, or rate of growth of saplings defined as objective for the restoration project
8. Design and follow a long-term monitoring plan (usually for 3-5 years) which is critical to ensuring the success of the restoration project.



Population(s) Served

General Public/Unspecified



Program 3

Marvellous Mangroves Curriculum

Educating the future decision-makers in each nation containing mangroves is vital if we hope to conserve these unique ecosystems. MAP’s curriculum, “Marvellous
Mangroves” was first adapted twelve years, from hands-on science-based programs and activities.  We have received overwhelming expressions of interest in our new curriculum from throughout the tropical world. MAP will be implementing the introduction of the curriculum through a
"train-the-trainer" process where MAP staff will train key teachers in each country. MAP's interactive 300-page Mangrove Curriculum is now in China, Sri Lanka, Brazil, Honduras, Guatemala, Cayman Islands and Colombia.

It is necessary to translate and adapt to the flora and fauna for each country where the curriculum is introduced. We want to expand the reach of this important educational tool to reach more children in more nations.



Population(s) Served

Children and Youth (infants - 19 years.)

Other Named Groups



Program 4

Question Your Shrimp Campaign

The leading cause of mangrove destruction is the meteoric growth of the shrimp farming industry in the developing world – 35% of all mangrove deforestation is caused by development for shrimp ponds. In an effort to produce cheap shrimp, mangroves and their accompanying ecosystem services are stripped from coastlines and replaced by open system shrimp farms that pollute the surrounding environment.

The Question Your Shrimp campaign is currently working to gather support from restaurants, chefs, retailers, and consumers who are pledging not to serve or buy unhealthy imported shrimp. By raising awareness and changing consumer demand in the U.S. (currently, the #1 consumer of imported shrimp), the campaign strives to reduce mangrove deforestation and oppression of coastal communities overseas.


Civil Rights, Social Action & Advocacy

Population(s) Served

General Public/Unspecified



Service Areas



MAP has a global network with offices in the US and Thailand, and program areas/partnerships in Bangladesh, Brazil, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Islands, China, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, Senegal and Sri Lanka.

Social Media


Funding Needs

MAP recognizes that there can be no environmental conservation without environmental justice. Over its two decades, it has deliberately remained very small; instead, MAP has channeled its energies and resources into building the capacity of dozens of NGOs and scores of coastal communities in the Global South. This empowerment ethic extends to MAP's pedagogical method of Action Learning, which creates learning communities that blur the boundary of “student" and “teacher", and focus on gender equity. MAP fervently believes in the power of collective action, and has worked tirelessly to create networks of solidarity and collaboration among NGOs, ministries, and communities. It is more imperative than ever to restore mangroves in order to sequester carbon and restore coastal bio-shields. But most restoration attempts to date have failed, wasting millions of dollars, because they do not repair the underlying hydrology essential to mangrove health - and if they do succeed, result in ecologically-impoverished monoculture plantations. Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) is a paradigm-changing methodology that empowers coastal communities to restore the underlying hydrology in order to allow mangroves to reseed naturally from adjacent areas, with trees surviving in the tidal zone optimal for them. Combined with sustainable livelihood training, this results in a true mangrove ecosystem restoration, with all its biodiversity and resilience, and in a community now invested in the mangroves' conservation. MAP works always with an eye towards the future: instilling the conservation ethic in the next generation of decision makers. MAP's Marvelous Mangroves (MM) is an innovative, hands-on, active-learning curriculum for elementary and middle school students developed by MAP's Education Director Martin Keeley that has students delving into mangroves on field trips and doing ecological research and monitoring. MM works because it goes into depth as a total immersion program, integrating into existing science curricula to maximize it's impact as a long-term investment. This curriculum goes well beyond beach cleanups and posters; it connects students to their coastal resources, teaching them the true value of mangroves, and inspires them to conserve mangrove forests and to advocate for their restoration. As we approach our 25th year, MAP is entering a new chapter. To that end, we have envisioned capacity-building activities over the next three years that focus on organizational development, supporting core program staff, and advancing programs to their greatest potential. It is evident that there is much work to be done. We have a great need for assistance during this rebuilding transition, and the organization's ability to support its internal operations and better carry out its mission will be fundamentally improved at the end of the process. MAP wants to not only assure its legacy, but its future.



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The people, governance practices, and partners that make the organization tick.

Mangrove Action Project



Free: Gain immediate access to the following:
  • Address, phone, website and contact information
  • Forms 990 for 2015, 2015 and 2014
  • Board Chair and Board Members
  • Access to the GuideStar Community
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Co-Executive director

Mr. Alfredo Quarto

Co-Executive director

Mrs. Sara Lavenhar


Alfredo Quarto, Executive Director and Co-founder, is a veteran campaigner with over 28 years of experience in organizing and writing on the environment and human rights issues.  Formerly an aerospace engineer, his experiences range over many countries and several environmental organizations, with a long-term focus on forestry, indigenous cultures, and human rights.  Prior to MAP, he was the executive director of the Ancient Forest Chautauqua, a multi-media traveling forum with events in 30 West Coast cities on behalf of old-growth forests and indigenous dwellers.  Alfredo has published numerous popular articles, book chapters, and conference papers on mangrove forest ecology, community-managed sustainable development, and shrimp aquaculture.  He lives in Port Angeles, Washington and is conversant in Spanish

STATEMENT FROM THE Co-Executive director

"2015 was another significant year for both MAP and the mangroves. MAP's workload greatly expanded and some added new staff helped ease the otherwise unwieldy burden of work overload. We are deeply grateful to our funders and supporters for making it possible to bring new people on board.

In regards to the mangroves, mounting evidence further revealed the enormous value and benefits of mangrove ecosystems that nurture our oceans, sustain biodiversity and local communities, while also combating climate change by sequestering and storing massive amounts of carbon- five times the amount stored by inland tropical rainforests. As well, mangroves support over 200 million coastal fishers who depend upon these coastal wetlands for their lives and livelihoods.

Yet, further mangrove loss continued throughout 2015 at the same annual rate of around 1%, or 150000ha lost each year. We at MAP are increasing our efforts to address the reasons for this ongoing loss, hoping to not only halt it, but also to reverse it through implementation of effective mangrove conservation and restoration measures.

And towards that end, MAP has developed effective tools to further the goals of mangrove conservation and restoration via our proven track record with Community-Based Ecological Mangrove Restoration (CBEMR) and the Marvelous Mangrove (MM) Curriculum. More people living in the mangrove areas are learning important lessons that improve the overall approach to mangrove conservation and management. CBEMR is bringing local communities more clearly and effectively into the picture of restoration and resource management. And our MM Curriculum program is reaching the next generation of decision makers who will be so much wiser in the care and sustainable use of our planet's otherwise diminishing coastal resources.

We at the Mangrove Action Project (MAP) realize the need to expand the level of our work to meet the immense challenges we now must face! We greatly appreciate all those who have supported us, as you really do have a huge impact on our projects and us. We sincerely hope that our program updates and visions for the upcoming year will excite and convince you to participate as best you can to help MAP Save the Mangroves."



Mr. Roger de Freitas


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Diversity Strategies
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We have a diversity committee in place
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